Majuli, the most amazing and picturesque river island of the world has always kept the curious human mind spell bound with its magical treasure of the fascinating flora and the magnificent fauna. This captivating island has also been the socio cultural capital and the cradle of Assamese civilization for the past five hundred years. This river island with a fragile geologic base is situated in the central region of the Brahmaputra river in Assam, which is also one of the largest river systems in the world. The island stretches for a length of 80 kms in east – west direction and 10-15 kms is north-south direction, approximately with a total area of about 421 sq. kms. The approximately two lakhs inhabitants of the island are spread over 150 villagers. They belong to various tribes and races, but together they form the social fabric that has survived the challenges and tests of time.